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The Chinese Garden Flora

by Hongwen Huang (editorial coordination)
january 2022
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Presentation

Living plant collection and ex situ conservation are not only the core missionof modern botanical gardens, but also the basis of the scientific mission ofbotanical gardens and the responsibility to safeguard plant diversity bybotanical community. The Ex situ Flora of China is a multi-decade project whichhas made significant achievements and aroused public interest. Based on thelatest progress of the project, this book provides up-to-date summary andresources of ex situ plant conservation worldwide and mainly in China. The bookincludes four major parts: (1) Overview of Botanical Garden Based Research, (2)World Garden Flora, (3) Ex situ Flora of China, (4) Introduction to 312Families of Angiospermae, Gymnospermae and Pteridophyta.

This book will greatly benefit global ex situ conservation and provide valuableinformation to serve agriculture, forestry, horticulture and medicinal plantindustries.

Resume

Contents

I Overview of Botanical Garden Based Research.......................................................................................................... 1

1 Botanical gardens and significance of plant living collections on biological discovery .................................. 1

1.1 Linnaeus and taxonomy .......................................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 Henslow and Darwin on speciation and evolution............................................................................................. 2

1.3 Augustin Pyramus de Candolle on the concept of circadian rhythm or chronobiology ............................. 3

1.4 Hooker & son and Kew Gardens ........................................................................................................................... 3

1.5 Baas-Becking hypothesis and Leiden Botanical Garden ................................................................................... 4

2 Typical research activities in the history of botanical gardens..........................................................................................5

2.1 Invention of plant specimens and herbaria.......................................................................................................... 5

2.2 Binomial nomenclature and taxonomy research in botanical gardens........................................................... 5

2.3 Flora compilation and botanical gardens ............................................................................................................. 6

3 Center of plant introduction, re-domestication and dissemination of crop plants.................................................. 7

3.1 Introduction, domestication and spread of food and other crop plants in Europe in the 16th–17th

centuries ..................................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.2 Introduction and spread of crop plants dominated by European colonialists since the 18th century ...... 9

4 Plant ex situ conservation and biodiversity research...............................................................................................11

4.1 Macrobiological fields of plant science ...............................................................................................................12

4.2 Microbiological fields of plant science................................................................................................................13

4.3 Research directions of the botanical garden in the age of mega data ............................................................13

4.4 Responses to global climate change.....................................................................................................................13

II World Garden Flora ............................................................................................................................................................19

1 Botanical gardens in the world.....................................................................................................................................19

1.1 Africa.........................................................................................................................................................................20

1.2 Asia............................................................................................................................................................................20

1.3 Europe.......................................................................................................................................................................20

1.4 North America ........................................................................................................................................................21

1.5 South America.........................................................................................................................................................21

1.6 Oceania.....................................................................................................................................................................21

2 Living collections and extent of plant diversity of the world garden flora ........................................................22

2.1 Inventory of world garden flora in Gymnosperms...........................................................................................23

2.2 Inventory of world garden flora in Angiosperms .............................................................................................24

2.3 Inventory of world garden flora in Pteridophytes.............................................................................................34

2.4 Inventory of world garden flora in Bryophytes .................................................................................................35

2.5 Specially assembled living collections.................................................................................................................41

III Ex situ Flora of China .........................................................................................................................................................46

1 Formulation of Ex situ Flora of China .......................................................................................................................46

2 Ex situ Flora of China compared with Flora of China...........................................................................................49

2.1 Alien plants ..............................................................................................................................................................49

2.2 Economic and useful plant species ......................................................................................................................50

x The Chinese Garden Flora—Introduction to Encyclopedia of Chinese Garden Flora

2.3 Taxa entry and boundary ......................................................................................................................................51

2.4 Passport data............................................................................................................................................................52

2.5 Phenological data....................................................................................................................................................52

2.6 Taxonomic system ..................................................................................................................................................53

3 Progress and outputs .......................................................................................................................................................53

3.1 Checklist of ex situ cultivated plants in China...................................................................................................53

3.2 Encyclopedia of Chinese garden flora.................................................................................................................54

3.3 Ex situ Flora of China .............................................................................................................................................55

4 Editorial aspects in future ..............................................................................................................................................55

IV Introduction to Families of Angiospermae .............................................................................................................57

1. Acanthaceae 爵床科...................................................................................................................................................57

2. Aceraceae 槭树科.......................................................................................................................................................63

3. Actinidiaceae 猕猴桃科.............................................................................................................................................66

4. Agavaceae 龙舌兰科..................................................................................................................................................68

5. Aizoaceae 番杏科.........................................................................................................................................................71

6. Alangiaceae 八角枫科...............................................................................................................................................75

7. Alismataceae 泽泻科..................................................................................................................................................76

8. Amaranthaceae 苋科..................................................................................................................................................77

9. Amaryllidaceae 石蒜科..............................................................................................................................................79

10. Anacardiaceae 漆树科.............................................................................................................................................81

11. Ancistrocladaceae 钩枝藤科..................................................................................................................................83

12. Annonaceae 番荔枝科............................................................................................................................................84

13. Apocynaceae 夹竹桃科...........................................................................................................................................87

14. Aponogetonaceae 水蕹科.......................................................................................................................................91

15. Aquifoliaceae 冬青科...............................................................................................................................................92

16. Araceae 天南星科....................................................................................................................................................95

17. Araliaceae 五加科...................................................................................................................................................102

18. Arecaceae 棕榈科...................................................................................................................................................106

19. Aristolochiaceae 马兜铃科...................................................................................................................................119

20. Asclepiadaceae 萝藦科..........................................................................................................................................121

21. Balanophoraceae 蛇菰科......................................................................................................................................130

22. Balsaminaceae 凤仙花科......................................................................................................................................131

23. Basellaceae 落葵科.................................................................................................................................................132

24. Begoniaceae 秋海棠科...........................................................................................................................................133

25. Berberidaceae 小檗科............................................................................................................................................138

26. Betulaceae 桦木科..................................................................................................................................................142

27. Bignoniaceae 紫葳科.............................................................................................................................................144

28. Bixaceae 红木科......................................................................................................................................................147

29. Bombacaceae 木棉科.............................................................................................................................................148

30. Boraginaceae 紫草科.............................................................................................................................................149

31. Bretschneideraceae 伯乐树科..............................................................................................................................151

32. Bromeliaceae 凤梨科.............................................................................................................................................152

33. Buddlejaceae 醉鱼草科.........................................................................................................................................158

34. Burmanniaceae 水玉簪科.....................................................................................................................................159

Contents xi

35. Burseraceae 橄榄科................................................................................................................................................160

36. Butomaceae 花蔺科...............................................................................................................................................161

37. Buxaceae 黄杨科.....................................................................................................................................................162

38. Cabombaceae 莼菜科............................................................................................................................................163

39. Cactaceae 仙人掌科...............................................................................................................................................164

40. Callitrichaceae 水马齿科......................................................................................................................................174

41. Calycanthaceae 蜡梅科.........................................................................................................................................175

42. Campanulaceae 桔梗科.........................................................................................................................................176

43. Cannaceae 美人蕉科.............................................................................................................................................178

44. Capparaceae 山柑科..............................................................................................................................................179

45. Caprifoliaceae 忍冬科............................................................................................................................................180

46. Cardiopteridaceae 心翼果科................................................................................................................................184

47. Caricaceae 番木瓜科.............................................................................................................................................185

48. Caryophyllaceae 石竹科........................................................................................................................................186

49. Casuarinaceae 木麻黄科.......................................................................................................................................188

50. Celastraceae 卫矛科...............................................................................................................................................189

51. Ceratophyllaceae 金鱼藻科..................................................................................................................................192

52. Cercidiphyllaceae 连香树科.................................................................................................................................192

53. Chenopodiaceae 藜科............................................................................................................................................193

54. Chloranthaceae 金粟兰科....................................................................................................................................196

55. Cistaceae 半日花科................................................................................................................................................197

56. Clethraceae 桤叶树科............................................................................................................................................197

57. Cochlospermaceae 弯子木科...............................................................................................................................198

58. Combretaceae 使君子科.......................................................................................................................................199

59. Commelinaceae 鸭跖草科....................................................................................................................................200

60. Compositae 菊科....................................................................................................................................................202

61. Connaraceae 牛栓藤科.........................................................................................................................................218

62. Convolvulaceae 旋花科.........................................................................................................................................219

63. Coriariaceae 马桑科...............................................................................................................................................222

64. Cornaceae 山茱萸科..............................................................................................................................................222

65. Costaceae 闭鞘姜科...............................................................................................................................................224

66. Crassulaceae 景天科..............................................................................................................................................226

67. Cruciferae 十字花科..............................................................................................................................................231

68. Crypteroniaceae 隐翼科........................................................................................................................................234

69. Cucurbitaceae 葫芦科............................................................................................................................................235

70. Cunoniaceae 南蔷薇科.........................................................................................................................................238

71. Cyclanthaceae 巴拿马草科..................................................................................................................................238

72. Cyperaceae 莎草科.................................................................................................................................................239

73. Daphniphyllaceae 虎皮楠科................................................................................................................................245

74. Datiscaceae 野麻科................................................................................................................................................246

75. Davidiaceae 珙桐科................................................................................................................................................246

76. Diapensiaceae 岩梅科............................................................................................................................................247

77. Dichapetalaceae 毒鼠子科....................................................................................................................................248

78. Didiereaceae 龙树科..............................................................................................................................................248

xii The Chinese Garden Flora—Introduction to Encyclopedia of Chinese Garden Flora

79. Dilleniaceae 五桠果科...........................................................................................................................................249

80. Dioscoreaceae 薯蓣科...........................................................................................................................................250

81. Dipentodontaceae 十齿花科................................................................................................................................252

82. Dipsacaceae 川续断科...........................................................................................................................................253

83. Dipterocarpaceae 龙脑香科.................................................................................................................................254

84. Droseraceae 茅膏菜科...........................................................................................................................................255

85. Ebenaceae 柿科.......................................................................................................................................................256

86. Elaeagnaceae 胡颓子科.........................................................................................................................................258

87. Elaeocarpaceae 杜英科..........................................................................................................................................259

88. Elatinaceae 沟繁缕科.............................................................................................................................................261

89. Ericaceae 杜鹃花科................................................................................................................................................261

90. Eriocaulaceae 谷精草科........................................................................................................................................267

91. Erythroxylaceae 古柯科........................................................................................................................................268

92. Eucommiaceae 杜仲科..........................................................................................................................................268

93. Euphorbiaceae 大戟科...........................................................................................................................................269

94. Eupteleaceae 领春木科..........................................................................................................................................279

95. Fagaceae 壳斗科.....................................................................................................................................................279

96. Flacourtiaceae 大风子科.......................................................................................................................................284

97. Gentianaceae 龙胆科.............................................................................................................................................286

98. Geraniaceae 牻牛儿苗科......................................................................................................................................288

99. Gesneriaceae 苦苣苔科.........................................................................................................................................289

100. Goodeniaceae 草海桐科.....................................................................................................................................297

101. Gramineae 禾本科...............................................................................................................................................297

102. Guttiferae 藤黄科.................................................................................................................................................316

103. Haemodoraceae 血皮草科.................................................................................................................................318

104. Haloragaceae 小二仙草科..................................................................................................................................319

105. Hamamelidaceae 金缕梅科................................................................................................................................319

106. Hernandiaceae 莲叶桐科....................................................................................................................................322

107. Hippocastanaceae 七叶树科..............................................................................................................................322

108. Hippocrateaceae 翅子藤科.................................................................................................................................323

109. Hippuridaceae 杉叶藻科....................................................................................................................................324

110. Hydrocharitaceae 水鳖科...................................................................................................................................325

111. Hydrophyllaceae 田基麻科................................................................................................................................326

112. Icacinaceae 茶茱萸科..........................................................................................................................................327

113. Illiciaceae 八角科..................................................................................................................................................328

114. Iridaceae 鸢尾科...................................................................................................................................................329

115. Juglandaceae 胡桃科............................................................................................................................................331

116. Juncaceae 灯心草科.............................................................................................................................................333

117. Juncaginaceae 水麦冬科.....................................................................................................................................334

118. Labiatae 唇形科....................................................................................................................................................335

119. Lardizabalaceae 木通科.......................................................................................................................................343

120. Lauraceae 樟科......................................................................................................................................................345

121. Lecythidaceae 玉蕊科..........................................................................................................................................352

122. Leguminosae 豆科................................................................................................................................................353

Contents xiii

123. Heliconiaceae 蝎尾蕉科.....................................................................................................................................370

124. Lemnaceae 浮萍科...............................................................................................................................................371

125. Lentibulariaceae 狸藻科......................................................................................................................................372

126. Liliaceae 百合科....................................................................................................................................................373

127. Linaceae 亚麻科....................................................................................................................................................386

128. Loganiaceae 马钱科.............................................................................................................................................387

129. Loranthaceae 桑寄生科......................................................................................................................................388

130. Lowiaceae 兰花蕉科............................................................................................................................................389

131. Lythraceae 千屈菜科...........................................................................................................................................390

132. Magnoliaceae 木兰科..........................................................................................................................................392

133. Malpighiaceae 金虎尾科.....................................................................................................................................396

134. Malvaceae 锦葵科................................................................................................................................................398

135. Marantaceae 竹芋科............................................................................................................................................400

136. Melastomataceae 野牡丹科................................................................................................................................403

137. Meliaceae 楝科......................................................................................................................................................405

138. Melianthaceae 密花科.........................................................................................................................................408

139. Menispermaceae 防己科.....................................................................................................................................408

140. Menyanthaceae 睡菜科.......................................................................................................................................410

141. Molluginaceae 粟米草科....................................................................................................................................411

142. Moraceae 桑科......................................................................................................................................................412

143. Moringaceae 辣木科............................................................................................................................................416

144. Musaceae 芭蕉科..................................................................................................................................................417

145. Strelitziaceae 鹤望兰科.......................................................................................................................................418

146. Myricaceae 杨梅科...............................................................................................................................................419

147. Myristicaceae 肉豆蔻科......................................................................................................................................419

148. Myrsinaceae 紫金牛科........................................................................................................................................420

149. Myrtaceae 桃金娘科............................................................................................................................................423

150. Najadaceae 茨藻科...............................................................................................................................................427

151. Nelumbonaceae 莲科..........................................................................................................................................428

152. Nepenthaceae 猪笼草科.....................................................................................................................................428

153. Nyctaginaceae 紫茉莉科.....................................................................................................................................429

154. Nymphaeaceae 睡莲科........................................................................................................................................430

155. Nyssaceae 蓝果树科............................................................................................................................................431

156. Ochnaceae 金莲木科...........................................................................................................................................432

157. Olacaceae 铁青树科.............................................................................................................................................433

158. Oleaceae 木犀科...................................................................................................................................................434

159. Onagraceae 柳叶菜科.........................................................................................................................................438

160. Opiliaceae 山柚子科............................................................................................................................................439

161. Orchidaceae 兰科.................................................................................................................................................440

162. Orobanchaceae 列当科.......................................................................................................................................458

163. Oxalidaceae 酢浆草科.........................................................................................................................................459

164. Pandanaceae 露兜树科.......................................................................................................................................460

165. Papaveraceae 罂粟科...........................................................................................................................................461

166. Passifloraceae 西番莲科......................................................................................................................................463

xiv The Chinese Garden Flora—Introduction to Encyclopedia of Chinese Garden Flora

167. Pedaliaceae 胡麻科..............................................................................................................................................464

168. Pentaphylacaceae 五列木科...............................................................................................................................465

169. Philydraceae 田葱科............................................................................................................................................466

170. Phrymaceae 透骨草科.........................................................................................................................................466

171. Phytolaccaceae 商陆科........................................................................................................................................467

172. Piperaceae 胡椒科................................................................................................................................................468

173. Pittosporaceae 海桐花科....................................................................................................................................470

174. Plantaginaceae 车前科........................................................................................................................................471

175. Platanaceae 悬铃木科..........................................................................................................................................472

176. Plumbaginaceae 白花丹科.................................................................................................................................473

177. Podostemaceae 川苔草科...................................................................................................................................474

178. Polemoniaceae 花荵科........................................................................................................................................475

179. Polygalaceae 远志科............................................................................................................................................475

180. Polygonaceae 蓼科...............................................................................................................................................477

181. Pontederiaceae 雨久花科...................................................................................................................................480

182. Portulacaceae 马齿苋科......................................................................................................................................481

183. Potamogetonaceae 眼子菜科.............................................................................................................................482

184. Primulaceae 报春花科........................................................................................................................................483

185. Proteaceae 山龙眼科...........................................................................................................................................486

186. Punicaceae 石榴科...............................................................................................................................................488

187. Pyrolaceae 鹿蹄草科...........................................................................................................................................488

188. Rafflesiaceae 大花草科........................................................................................................................................489

189. Ranunculaceae 毛茛科........................................................................................................................................490

190. Rhamnaceae 鼠李科............................................................................................................................................495

191. Rhizophoraceae 红树科......................................................................................................................................498

192. Rhoipteleaceae 马尾树科....................................................................................................................................499

193. Rosaceae 蔷薇科...................................................................................................................................................500

194. Rubiaceae 茜草科.................................................................................................................................................516

195. Rutaceae 芸香科...................................................................................................................................................525

196. Sabiaceae 清风藤科.............................................................................................................................................529

197. Salicaceae 杨柳科.................................................................................................................................................530

198. Salvadoraceae 刺茉莉科.....................................................................................................................................532

199. Santalaceae 檀香科...............................................................................................................................................532

200. Sapindaceae 无患子科.........................................................................................................................................533

201. Sapotaceae 山榄科...............................................................................................................................................536

202. Sargentodoxaceae 大血藤科..............................................................................................................................537

203. Sarraceniaceae 瓶子草科....................................................................................................................................537

204. Saururaceae 三白草科.........................................................................................................................................538

205. Saxifragaceae 虎耳草科.......................................................................................................................................539

206. Schisandraceae 五味子科...................................................................................................................................543

207. Scrophulariaceae 玄参科....................................................................................................................................544

208. Simaroubaceae 苦木科........................................................................................................................................549

209. Solanaceae 茄科....................................................................................................................................................549

210. Sonneratiaceae 海桑科........................................................................................................................................553

Contents xv

211. Sparganiaceae 黑三棱科.....................................................................................................................................553

212. Sphenocleaceae 尖瓣花科...................................................................................................................................554

213. Stachyuraceae 旌节花科.....................................................................................................................................554

214. Staphyleaceae 省沽油科......................................................................................................................................555

215. Stemonaceae 百部科............................................................................................................................................556

216. Sterculiaceae 梧桐科............................................................................................................................................557

217. Stylidiaceae 花柱草科..........................................................................................................................................560

218. Styracaceae 安息香科..........................................................................................................................................560

219. Symplocaceae 山矾科..........................................................................................................................................562

220. Taccaceae 蒟蒻薯科.............................................................................................................................................563

221. Tamaricaceae 柽柳科..........................................................................................................................................564

222. Tetracentraceae 水青树科..................................................................................................................................565

223. Theaceae 山茶科..................................................................................................................................................566

224. Thymelaeaceae 瑞香科........................................................................................................................................571

225. Tiliaceae 椴树科...................................................................................................................................................573

226. Trapaceae 菱科.....................................................................................................................................................575

227. Trochodendraceae 昆栏树科.............................................................................................................................575

228. Tropaeolaceae 旱金莲科.....................................................................................................................................576

229. Turneraceae 时钟花科........................................................................................................................................577

230. Typhaceae 香蒲科................................................................................................................................................577

231. Ulmaceae 榆科......................................................................................................................................................578

232. Umbelliferae 伞形科............................................................................................................................................580

233. Urticaceae 荨麻科................................................................................................................................................585

234. Valerianaceae 败酱科..........................................................................................................................................590

235. Verbenaceae 马鞭草科........................................................................................................................................591

236. Violaceae 堇菜科..................................................................................................................................................595

237. Vitaceae 葡萄科....................................................................................................................................................597

238. Xanthorrhoeaceae 黄脂木科..............................................................................................................................600

239. Xyridaceae 黄眼草科...........................................................................................................................................600

240. Zingiberaceae 姜科...............................................................................................................................................601

241. Zygophyllaceae 蒺藜科.......................................................................................................................................610

V Introduction to Families of Gymnospermae..........................................................................................................612

1. Araucariaceae 南洋杉科..........................................................................................................................................612

2. Cephalotaxaceae 三尖杉科.....................................................................................................................................612

3. Cupressaceae 柏科....................................................................................................................................................613

4. Cycadaceae 苏铁科...................................................................................................................................................615

5. Ephedraceae 麻黄科.................................................................................................................................................617

6. Ginkgoaceae 银杏科................................................................................................................................................617

7. Gnetaceae 买麻藤科................................................................................................................................................618

8. Pinaceae 松科............................................................................................................................................................619

9. Podocarpaceae 罗汉松科........................................................................................................................................622

10. Stangeriaceae 蕨铁科.............................................................................................................................................623

11. Taxaceae 红豆杉科................................................................................................................................................623

12. Taxodiaceae 杉科....................................................................................................................................................624

xvi The Chinese Garden Flora—Introduction to Encyclopedia of Chinese Garden Flora

13. Welwitschiaceae 百岁兰科...................................................................................................................................625

14. Zamiaceae 泽米铁科..............................................................................................................................................626

VI Introduction to Families of Pteridophyta........................................................................................................ 628

1. Acrostichaceae 卤蕨科............................................................................................................................................628

2. Adiantaceae 铁线蕨科.............................................................................................................................................628

3. Angiopteridaceae 观音座莲科...............................................................................................................................629

4. Antrophyaceae 车前蕨科........................................................................................................................................630

5. Aspidiaceae 叉蕨科..................................................................................................................................................631

6. Aspleniaceae 铁角蕨科............................................................................................................................................633

7. Athyriaceae 蹄盖蕨科..............................................................................................................................................635

8. Azollaceae 满江红科................................................................................................................................................638

9. Blechnaceae 乌毛蕨科.............................................................................................................................................638

10. Bolbitidaceae 实蕨科.............................................................................................................................................639

11. Botrychiaceae 阴地蕨科........................................................................................................................................640

12. Cheiropleuriaceae 燕尾蕨科................................................................................................................................641

13. Christenseniaceae 天星蕨科................................................................................................................................641

14. Cyatheaceae 桫椤科...............................................................................................................................................642

15. Davalliaceae 骨碎补科..........................................................................................................................................643

16. Dennstaedtiaceae 姬蕨科......................................................................................................................................644

17. Dicksoniaceae 蚌壳蕨科.......................................................................................................................................645

18. Dipteridaceae 双扇蕨科........................................................................................................................................646

19. Drynariaceae 槲蕨科.............................................................................................................................................646

20. Dryopteridaceae 鳞毛蕨科...................................................................................................................................647

21. Elaphoglossaceae 舌蕨科......................................................................................................................................652

22. Equisetaceae 木贼科..............................................................................................................................................652

23. Gleicheniaceae 里白科..........................................................................................................................................653

24. Grammitidaceae 禾叶蕨科...................................................................................................................................654

25. Gymnogrammitidaceae 雨蕨科...........................................................................................................................654

26. Hemionitidaceae 裸子蕨科..................................................................................................................................655

27. Huperziaceae 石杉科.............................................................................................................................................656

28. Hymenophyllaceae 膜蕨科...................................................................................................................................657

29. Hypodematiaceae 肿足蕨科................................................................................................................................657

30. Isoetaceae 水韭科...................................................................................................................................................658

31. Lindsaeaceae 鳞始蕨科.........................................................................................................................................659

32. Lomariopsidaceae 藤蕨科.....................................................................................................................................659

33. Loxogrammaceae 剑蕨科.....................................................................................................................................660

34. Lycopodiaceae 石松科...........................................................................................................................................660

35. Lygodiaceae 海金沙科...........................................................................................................................................661

36. Marsileaceae 蘋科...................................................................................................................................................662

37. Monachosoraceae 稀子蕨科................................................................................................................................662

38. Nephrolepidaceae 肾蕨科.....................................................................................................................................663

39. Oleandraceae 条蕨科.............................................................................................................................................664

40. Onocleaceae 球子蕨科..........................................................................................................................................664

41. Ophioglossaceae 瓶尔小草科..............................................................................................................................665

Contents xvii

42. Osmundaceae 紫萁科............................................................................................................................................665

43. Parkeriaceae 水蕨科...............................................................................................................................................666

44. Peranemaceae 球盖蕨科.......................................................................................................................................667

45. Plagiogyriaceae 瘤足蕨科.....................................................................................................................................667

46. Platyceriaceae 鹿角蕨科........................................................................................................................................668

47. Polypodiaceae 水龙骨科.......................................................................................................................................669

48. Psilotaceae 松叶蕨科.............................................................................................................................................673

49. Pteridaceae 凤尾蕨科............................................................................................................................................673

50. Pteridiaceae 蕨科....................................................................................................................................................675

51. Salviniaceae 槐叶苹科...........................................................................................................................................676

52. Schizaeaceae 莎草蕨科..........................................................................................................................................676

53. Selaginellaceae 卷柏科...........................................................................................................................................677

54. Sinopteridaceae 中国蕨科....................................................................................................................................678

55. Thelypteridaceae 金星蕨科..................................................................................................................................679

56. Vittariaceae 书带蕨科...........................................................................................................................................681

57. Woodsiaceae 岩蕨科..............................................................................................................................................682

References...................................................................................................................................................................................683

Compléments

Characteristics

Language(s): English

Publisher: EDP Sciences & Science Press

Collection: Current Natural Sciences

Published: 13 january 2022

EAN13 (hardcopy): 9782759826988

EAN13 eBook [PDF]: 9782759826995

Interior: Colour

Size: 480 Mo (PDF)