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Big Earth Data in Support of the Sustainable Development Goals (2021)

China

by Guo Huadong (editorial coordination)
Collection: Hors collection
october 2022
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422 pages Download after purchase
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Presentation

Big Earth Data in Support of the Sustainable Development Goals (2021): China showcases the innovative practice of applying Big Earth Data to the monitoring and evaluating indicators for six SDGs, i.e., SDG 2 Zero Hunger, SDG 6 Clean Water and Sanitation, SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities, SDG 13 Climate Action, SDG14 Life below Water, SDG 15 Life on Land, and the analysis of the interactions among multiple SDG indicators. It presents 52 case studies on 27 targets. The report showcases the results of research, monitoring, and evaluation of SDGs and their indicators at two scales-local, national-totalling 36 data products, 25 methods and models, and 41 decision-support recommendations. These research results demonstrate China's exploration and practice in promoting the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development through scientific and technological innovation, fully reveal the application value and broad prospects of Earth's big data technology in monitoring and evaluating the sustainable development goals, and open up new ways and methods to support the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development through the use of advanced technologies and methods such as big data and artificial intelligence under the framework of the UN technology promotion mechanism. It can provide reference for countries to strengthen the implementation monitoring and evaluation of the agenda.This report can be read by researchers in related fields and decision makers in relevant national departments.

Resume


I. Pretace

V. Foreword

IX. Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Introduction/1

 Chapter 2. SDG 2 : Zero Hunger

Background / 8

Main Contributions / 9

Case Study / 11

2.1 Biomass development and food security in China underthe carbon neutral vision / 11

2.2 Precision agriculture based onSatellite-Aerial-Ground Integrated (SAGI) technology / 18

2.3 Spatiotemporal variations in cropping intensity in Chinain 2001-2020 / 24

2.4 Mapping crop distribution and spatiotemporal changesin China / 30

2.5 Evaluation of mitigating effects of irrigation onagricultural drought in the North China Plain / 35

2.6 Construction of an efficient ecological agricultureparadigm: An experiment in a low-medium yield region along the Lower Reaches ofthe Yellow River / 45

Summary / 51

Chapter 3. SDG6 : Clean Water and sanitation

Background / 56

Main Contributions / 57

Case Study / 59

3.1 Changes in sewage treatment capacity in China / 59

3.2 Monitoring and evaluating the changes in lake waterclarity in China / 68

3.3 Spatiotemporal differences in water stress in China /76

3.4 Evaluating water use efficiency in Lincang City,Y unnan Province, China, from 2010 to 2020 / 85

3.5 Assessment of China's integrated water resources management / 95

3.6 Change in natural and artificial water bodies in China from 2000 to 2020 / 100

3.7 Spatiotemporal changes in China's vegetated wetlands from 2010 to 2020 / 105

3.8 Environmental health status of Ramsar sites in China/ 111

Summary / 119

 Chapter 4 SDG 11 : Sustainable cities and communities

Main Contributions / 123

Case Study / 125

4.1 Assessing housing affordability in China (2010-2020)/ 125

4.2 Proportion of the population with convenient accessto public transportation in China / 130

4.3 Evaluation and projection of land use efficiency inChina's major cities / 135

4.4 Mapping spatial distribution of building height incities in China / 142

4.5 Response of land cover to extreme drought and itsclimate resilience at the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces world heritage site / 148

4.6 Interannual variation of the total loss from naturaldisasters at the prefecture level (2010-2020) / 157

4.7 Patterns and dynamies of UGS in China / 162

4.8 Community-scale urban landscape change and sustainable development indicators in major Chinese cities / 167

4.9 Integrated evaluation of SDG Il indicators in Chinesecities from 2015 to 2020 / 172

Summary/178

 Chapter 5. SDG13 : Climate action

Background/182

Main Contributions / 183

Case Study / 185

5.1 Interannual changes in sand and dust weather in China in 2010-2020 / 185

5.2 Risk assessment of maize yield reduction caused by drought in China from 2000 to 2020 / 190

5.3 Spatiotemporal distribution and changes in waterlogging in China / 195

5.4 Spatiotemporal variations in greenhouse gas concentration in China / 201

5.5 Impacts of climate change on net ecosystem productivity of forests in China / 205

5.6 Impacts of China's dietary model transformation on the sustainable development goals / 210

Summary/215

 Chapter 6.SDG 14 : Life below water

Background/218

Main Contributions / 218

Case Study / 221

6.1 Source apportionment of microplastics in Jiaozhou Bay, China / 221

6.2 Monitoring and forecasting macroalgal blooms in the Yellow Sea / 225

6.3 Simulating marine ecosystem health on China's const /230

6.4 Risk assessment of inundation in China's coastal zonecaused by sea-level rise / 235

6.5 Changes in mangrove forests in China / 243

6.6 Hypoxia, acidification and relations to phytoplanktonblooms in river-dominated continental shelves: A case study of the ChangjiangEstuary (2021) / 248

6.7 Mainland coastline changes and the major coastalreclamation in China from 2000 to 2020 / 255

6.8 Changes in costal aquaculture ponds in China / 262

6.9 Dynamic monitoring of raft culture in China's coastal waters / 267

Summary / 273

 Chapter 7 : SDG 15 : Life on land

Background / 276

Main Contributions / 276

Case Study / 279

7.1 Assessment of ecosystems and the dynamics of ecosystem quality in China / 279

7.2 Current status and gaps in grassland ecosystem conservation in China / 283

7.3 Big data simulation to generate a high-resolution distribution of rare and endangered plants / 287

7.4 Freeze-thaw desertification monitoring in the north eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau / 292

7.5 Spatial and temporal change patterns and driving forces of salinization in the Lower Reaches of the Yellow River and adjacent coastal areas from 2015 to 2020 / 298

7.6 Biodiversity conservation value of the land inhabitedby ethnic groups in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau / 303

7.7 Monitoring spatiotemporal variations in winteringSiberian crane habitats / 309

Summary / 313

 Chapter 8. Interactions among SDG indicators

Background/316

Main Contributions / 319

Case Study / 321

8.I Synergies of water-food-ecology in North China / 321

8.2 Synergy between economie development and carbonemission reduction in Hainan / 327

8.3 Ecological compensation and multi-index synergy inthe Xin'an River Basin / 334

8.4 Simulation and analysis of land use evolution inChina under the constraints of multiple SDGs / 341

8.5 Interaction between water-food-ecology security andthe rebound effect: Impacts on multiple SDGs targets in the Heihe River Basin /346

8.6 Sustainable development of coal resource-based cites in China / 352

8.7 Spatio temporal characteristies of human settlements derived from time-series remote sensing data in Jinsha River Basin, Yunnan Province, China / 358

Summary / 368 

Chapter 9 Summary and Prospects / 371

References / 377

Acronyms / 394

 







 








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Characteristics

Language(s): English

Audience(s): Professionals, Research

Publisher: EDP Sciences & Science Press

Collection: Hors collection

Published: 31 october 2022

EAN13 eBook [PDF]: 9782759829354

Interior: Colour

Pages count eBook [PDF]: 422

Size: 210 Mo (PDF)

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